Improved Reliability and Lower Total Cost of Ownership with Magnetic Bearings
With over 20 years of experience Lukoil, a leading oil & gas business of Russia, aspired to expand oil & gas fields in Russia. For the expansion, Lukoil decided on the Bolshekhetskaya depression in West Siberia where large deposits of Cenomanian gas lay.
Developing and constructing a compressor station to connect fields would increase the total capacity of the pipeline. The compressor design, however, had to produce a very high discharge pressure. In addition to the pressure gain required to compensate for the piping frictional losses, the discharge pressure of the compressor also supports a refrigeration process applied to the gas at the plant outlet. This refrigeration process, based on a throttling principle, is required to cool the gas sufficiently to avoid the buried piping temperatures from thawing the permafrost. The permafrost helps maintain a stable support for the buried piping.
Solving the Challenge
Lukoil partnered with Sumy Frunze, an oil & gas equipment manufacturer, to develop centrifugal compressors to withstand the frigid Siberian conditions. The compressors would give the station the ability to pump 12 billion cubic meters of gas per year to another station, furthering the central gas pipeline of Russia.
In support of the unique refrigeration process, providing such high compressor discharge pressures with reasonable drive power requires compressors with very high efficiency. The high efficiency was achieved with a compressor rotor shaft with a high slenderness ratio. This high slenderness ratio allows high efficiencies, but results in a very flexible compressor rotor shaft. The Lukoil compressors have the most flexible rotors ever equipped with magnetic bearings.
The industry leading processing power and advanced control algorithms used by the Waukesha Magnetic Bearings electronic controller were required to make these machines a success. Waukesha’s Multiple Coordinate Control (MCC) algorithm was used to stabilize all compressor rotor natural frequencies, with robust stability margins.
After installation, the product proved to perform. Within the 18 MW centrifugal compressor, the magnetic bearing technology was engineered to reveal a savings in energy, ecology, and money on the total cost of ownership for Lukoil.
Reduced Life Cycle Costs
The AMB system has an expected life of 25 years. The primary advantage for the end user over this time period is lower maintenance and operating costs, and improved reliability compared to fluid film bearing solutions. The Sumy Frunze compressors equipped with the Waukesha magnetic bearing technology allowed Lukoil to continue with their 9-year development strategy, which started in 2005.
Prior to this installation, Sumy had used AMB systems from other vendors; this equipment included analog components within the controller tuning circuitry. Waukesha Magnetic Bearings was able to eliminate the physical act of connecting and disconnecting analog electronic components by using its standard digital technology, which is adjusted and calibrated by quickly changing software parameters.